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Title
Title:
Protected Areas - (IUCN Categories I-VI) - Number
SubTitle:
National level
Filename:  
land_protected_number_i-vi
 
 
 
General Description
Abstract:
As international efforts to preserve biological diversity have evolved, it has become clear that protected areas are at the heart of any global strategy for success. Without the preservation of core areas of habitat - as well as the preservation of buffer zones around cores and linking wildlife corridors - biodiversity as we know it will be lost. Moreover, protected areas preserve landscapes, seascapes and natural areas for appropriate, longterm, appreciation and use by human beings. Of those areas most critically in need of preservation (as habitats of intense endemism, as ecologically exceptional communities, or as unique landscapes) significant numbers fall within the borders of the world's less developed countries. More information: http://www.unep-wcmc.org/protected_areas/index.html
Purpose:
Every country in the world has defined areas that are managed for conservation of animals, plants and other natural and cultural features. UNEP-WCMC locates and and compiles information on the protected areas of the world. These can be identified and combined with other data to produce lists and maps that illustrate the distribution of these areas.
Units:
Number of Sites
GEO Theme:
Biodiversity
GEO Data Category:   
Protected Areas and Environmental Protection
Type:
Data downloads
Subtype:
-----
Language:
English
Status:
Complete
Maintenance:
Unknown
 
 
 
Keywords
GEMET Theme:
Natural areas, landscape, ecosystems
Free Keywords:
Protected areas, IUCN classification, Categories I-VI, number, national level
 
 
 
Online Reference
URL:
http://valhalla.unep-wcmc.org/wdbpa/geo3.cfm
File Format:
Web page
 
 
 
Spatial Reference
Coverage:
World
Coordinates:
 
North
90
 
West -180
 
180 East
 
-90
South
 
Region:
World
Subregion:
-----
Resolution:
Country
 
 
 
Temporal Reference
Covered Time:
2002
 
 
 
Responsability
Person:
Information Office
Organization:
UNEP-WCMC
Address:
219 Huntingdon Road
 
 
Postal Code:
CB3
City:
Cambridge
State:
ODL
Country:
United Kingdom
Phone:
+44 (0)1223 277314
Fax:
+44 (0)1223 277136
Email:
info@unep-wcmc.org
 
 
Publisher:
UNEP-WCMC
Publ. Place:
Cambridge
 
 
Publ. Year:
2002
Data Source:
UNEP-WCMC
Data Provider:
UNEP-WCMC
Copyright:
UNEP-WCMC
User Constr.:
Public
 
 
 
Metadata Information
Person:
Gregory Giuliani
Organization:
UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva
Address:
11, Chemin des Anemones
 
 
Postal Code:
1219
City:
Chatelaine
State:
Geneva
Country:
Switzerland
Phone:
+41 22 917 82 94
Fax:
+41 22 917 80 29
Email:
geo@grid.unep.ch
 
 
Date:
20020503
 
 
 
 
 
GIS Data Info
Projection:
-----
 
 
Min. Scale:
-----
Max. Scale
-----
Data Resol.:
-----
Data Format:
-----
 
 
 
Statistics Data Info
Aggregation method
Mehtod:
Sum
Weight factor:
-----
Comments:
-----
 
Interpolations/Extrapolations
Interpolations:
None
Extrapolations:
None
Method:
Other
Comments:
-----
 
Calculated pre 1991-1992 relative country share
Former USSR:
None
Former Yugoslavia SFR:
None
Former Czechoslovakia:
None
Former Ethiopia:
None
Comments:
-----
 
General comments
Country notes:
-----
Definitions:
-----
Comments:
A protected area is defined by The World Conservation Union (IUCN) as: An area of land and/or sea especially dedicated to the protection and maintenance of biological diversity, and of natural and associated cultural resources, and managed through legal or other effective means Although all protected areas meet the general purposes contained in this definition, in practice the precise purposes for which protected areas are managed differ greatly Following are the definitions of IUCN Management categories I-VI. Category Ia. Strict Nature Reserve: protected area managed mainly for science. Area of land and/or sea possessing some outstanding or representative ecosystems, geological or physiological features and/or species, available primarily for scientific research and/or environmental monitoring. Category Ib. Wilderness Area: protected area managed mainly for wilderness protection. Large area of unmodified or slightly modified land, and/or sea, retaining its natural character and influence, without permanent or significant habitation, which is protected and managed so as to preserve its natural condition. Category II. National Park: protected area managed mainly for ecosystem protection and recreation. Natural area of land and/or sea, designated to a) protect the ecological integrity of one or more ecosystems for present and future generations; b) exclude exploitation or occupation inimical to the purposes of designation of the area and c) provide a foundation for spiritual, scientific, educational, recreational and visitor opportunities, all of which must be environmentally and culturally compatible. Category III. Natural Monument: protected area managed mainly for conservation of specific natural features. Area containing one, or more, specific natural or natural/cultural feature which is of outstanding or unique value because of its inherent rarity, representative or aesthetic qualities or cultural significance. Category IV. Habitat/Species Management Area: protected area managed mainly for conservation through management intervention. Area of land and/or sea subject to active intervention for management purposes so as to ensure the maintenance of habitats and/or to meet the requirements of specific species. Category V. Protected Landscape/Seascape: protected area managed mainly for landscape/seascape conservation and recreation. Area of land, with coast and sea as appropriate, where the interaction of people and nature over time has produced an area of distinct character with significant aesthetic, ecological and/or cultural value, and often with high biological diversity. Safeguarding the integrity of this traditional interaction is vital to the protection, maintenance and evolution of such an area. Category VI. Managed Resource Protected Area: protected area managed mainly for the sustainable use of natural ecosystems. Area containing predominantly unmodified natural systems, managed to ensure long term protection and maintenance of biological diversity, while providing at the same time a sustainable flow of natural products and services to meet community needs. Please refer to the original source for the most recent data (http://quin.unep-wcmc.org/wdbpa/GEO3.cfm). For more information on the variables and collection methodologies see original source or the IUCN Web site: http://wcpa.iucn.org/