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Title
Title:
Mammal Species - Endangered
SubTitle:
Subregional level
Filename:  
sreg_mammal_en
 
 
 
General Description
Abstract:
The 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species provides taxonomic, conservation status and distribution information on taxa that have been evaluated using the 1994 IUCN Red List Categories. This system is designed to determine the relative risk of extinction, and the main purpose of the IUCN Red List is to catalogue and highlight those taxa that are facing a higher risk of global extinction (i.e. those listed as Critically Endangered, Endangered and Vulnerable). The IUCN Red List also includes information on taxa that are categorized as Extinct or Extinct in the Wild; on taxa that cannot be evaluated because of insufficient information (i.e. are Data Deficient); and on Lower Risk taxa which are either close to meeting the threatened thresholds (i.e. Lower Risk/near threatened) or that would be threatened were it not for an ongoing taxon-specific conservation programme (i.e. Lower Risk/conservation dependent). The list of threatened taxa is maintained in a searchable database by the SSC Red List Programme as part of the SSC's Species Information Service (SIS). A subset of the records (for all the categories described above) is provided here through the Search and Expert Search functions on the home page. The data set provided, does not include any species listed as Lower Risk/least concern (i.e. common and not threatened species) nor any which have not yet been assessed (i.e. Not Evaluated). The only taxonomic groups, which have been comprehensively assessed, are the birds and mammals. The vast majority of plant taxa listed in the 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants have not yet been evaluated against the 1994 Red List Criteria and are therefore not included here. To find out the conservation status of plants, users must search both this database and the UNEP-WCMC Threatened Plants database. Most of the assessments and the documentation included in the searchable database, were provided by the members of the IUCN Species Survival Commission. All the birds were assessed by BirdLife International and its partners, and reflect the contents of Threatened Birds of the World (BirdLife International 2000). Other assessments and much taxonomic and distribution information have been provided by various partner organizations shown below. The Species Survival Commission, and the Red List Programme in particular, is indebted to the ongoing support of many long-term donors: Conservation International's Center for Applied Biodiversity Science; the Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions, UK; WWF - The World Wide Fund for Nature; the Canadian Wildlife Service; the Council of Agriculture, Taiwan; the Department of State, USA; the Center for Marine Conservation; Natural Resources Canada; the Chicago Zoological Society; National Science Foundation (US); and the Swiss Development Corporation. The final production of this Red List on the web and on CD-ROM would not have been possible without generous funding from IUCN/SSC's co-publishing partner, Conservation International.
Purpose:
IUCN-The World Conservation Union, through its Species Survival Commission (SSC) has for almost four decades been assessing the conservation status of species, subspecies, varieties and even selected sub-populations on a global scale in order to highlight taxa threatened with extinction, and therefore promote their conservation. Although today we are operating in a very different political, economic, social and ecological world from that of the first IUCN Red Data Book, the SSC remains firmly committed to providing the world with the most objective, scientifically-based information on the current status of globally threatened biodiversity. The taxa assessed for the IUCN Red List are the bearers of genetic diversity and the building blocks of ecosystems and information on their conservation status and distribution provides the foundation for making informed decisions about preserving biodiversity at local to global levels.
Units:
Number of Species
GEO Theme:
Biodiversity
GEO Data Category:   
Total and Threatened Species
Type:
Data downloads
Subtype:
-----
Language:
English
Status:
Complete
Maintenance:
Unknown
 
 
 
Keywords
GEMET Theme:
Biology
Free Keywords:
Total and Threatened species, mammal, endangered, subregional level
 
 
 
Online Reference
URL:
http://www.redlist.org
File Format:
Web page
 
 
 
Spatial Reference
Coverage:
World
Coordinates:
 
North
90
 
West -180
 
180 East
 
-90
South
 
Region:
World
Subregion:
-----
Resolution:
Subregion
 
 
 
Temporal Reference
Covered Time:
Various
 
 
 
Responsability
Person:
Jaap Van Woerden
Organization:
UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva
Address:
11, chemin des Anemones
 
 
Postal Code:
1219
City:
Chatelaine
State:
Geneva
Country:
Switzerland
Phone:
+41 22 917 82 94
Fax:
+41 22 917 80 29
Email:
geo@grid.unep.ch
 
 
Publisher:
UNEP/GRID
Publ. Place:
Geneva
 
 
Publ. Year:
2002
Data Source:
IUCN Red List
Data Provider:
IUCN/SSC
Copyright:
UNEP/GRID
User Constr.:
Public
 
 
 
Metadata Information
Person:
Gregory Giuliani
Organization:
UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva
Address:
11, Chemin des Anemones
 
 
Postal Code:
1219
City:
Chatelaine
State:
Geneva
Country:
Switzerland
Phone:
+41 22 917 82 94
Fax:
+41 22 917 80 29
Email:
geo@grid.unep.ch
 
 
Date:
20020117
 
 
 
 
 
GIS Data Info
Projection:
-----
 
 
Min. Scale:
-----
Max. Scale
-----
Data Resol.:
-----
Data Format:
-----
 
 
 
Statistics Data Info
Aggregation method
Mehtod:
Sum
Weight factor:
-----
Comments:
-----
 
Interpolations/Extrapolations
Interpolations:
None
Extrapolations:
None
Method:
Other
Comments:
-----
 
Calculated pre 1991-1992 relative country share
Former USSR:
None
Former Yugoslavia SFR:
None
Former Czechoslovakia:
None
Former Ethiopia:
None
Comments:
-----
 
General comments
Country notes:
-----
Definitions:
Mammal Species - Endangered - A mammal species is "Endangered" when it is not "Critically Endangered" but is facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild in the near future, as defined by any of the criteria (A to E) as described below. A) Population reduction in the form of either of the following: 1) An observed, estimated, inferred or suspected reduction of at least 50% over the last 10 years or three generations, whichever is the longer, based on (and specifying) any of the following: a) direct observation b) an index of abundance appropriate for the taxon c) a decline in area of occupancy, extent of occurrence and/or quality of habitat d) actual or potential levels of exploitation e) the effects of introduced taxa, hybridisation, pathogens, pollutants, competitors or parasites. 2) A reduction of at least 50%, projected or suspected to be met within the next 10 years or three generations, whichever is the longer, based on (and specifying) any of (b), (c), (d), or (e) above. B) Extent of occurrence estimated to be less than 5000 km2 or area of occupancy estimated to be less than 500 km2, and estimates indicating any two of the following: 1) Severely fragmented or known to exist at no more than five locations. 2) Continuing decline, inferred, observed or projected, in any of the following: a) extent of occurrence b) area of occupancy c) area, extent and/or quality of habitat d) number of locations or subpopulations e) number of mature individuals 3) Extreme fluctuations in any of the following: a) extent of occurrence b) area of occupancy c) number of locations or subpopulations d) number of mature individuals C) Population estimated to number less than 2500 mature individuals and either: 1) An estimated continuing decline of at least 20% within five years or two generations, whichever is longer, or 2) A continuing decline, observed, projected, or inferred, in numbers of mature individuals and population structure in the form of either: a) severely fragmented (i.e. no subpopulation estimated to contain more than 250 mature individuals) b) all individuals are in a single subpopulation. D) Population estimated to number less than 250 mature individuals. E) Quantitative analysis showing the probability of extinction in the wild is at least 20% within 20 years or five generations, whichever is the longer. Critically endangered - A mammal species is "Critically Endangered" when it is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild in the immediate future, for definition criterias see Mammal Species Critically Endangered.
Comments:
Various the assessments for the different species were assessed in different years; 1996, 1998, 1999 and 2000. The knowledge about the number of species is constantly changing with new assessments, for the latest data see www.redlist.org. Copyright c 2002 (Aggregations) United Nations Environment Programme/DEWA/GRID-Geneva. Data aggregation made by Andrea DeBono and Ola Nordbeck (UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva).