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Title
Title:
Forests Certified by FSC-Accredited Certification Bodies
SubTitle:
Subregional level
Filename:  
sreg_forest_fsc_extent
 
 
 
General Description
Abstract:
The Forest Stewardship Council is an international non-profit organisation founded in 1993 to support environmentally appropriate, socially beneficial, and economically viable management of the world's forests. It is the only independent third-party certification body for forests and forest products. Membership in the FSC consists of representatives from social and environmental groups, timber trade and forestry professionals, indigenous peoples' organizations, community forestry groups, and forest product certification organizations such as the Certified Forest Products Council. The nine-member board has representatives from Sweden, USA, Cameroon, Indonesia, Malaysia, Brazil, Ecuador and Canada. These representatives are mostly from non-governmental organizations (NGOs). The FSC is introducing an international labelling scheme for forest products, which provides a credible guarantee that the product comes from a well managed forest. According to the FSC all forest products carrying their logo have been independently certified as coming from forests that meet the internationally recognised FSC Principles and Criteria of Forest Stewardship. Certification can be granted only when the following FSC Principles and Criteria are met: 1) Forest management shall respect all applicable national laws and relevant international agreements signed by that country. 2) "Long-term tenure and use rights to the land and forest resources shall be clearly defined, documented and legally established." 3) "The legal and customary rights of indigenous peoples to own, use and manage their lands, territories, and resources shall be recognized and respected." 4) "Forest management operations shall maintain or enhance the long-term social and economic well-being of forest workers and local communities." 5) "Forest management operations shall encourage the efficient use of the forest's multiple products and services to ensure economic viability and a wide range of environmental and social benefits." 6) "Forest management shall conserve biological diversity and its associated values" as well as maintaining the ecological functions and the integrity of the forest." 7) Operations need to have a documented management plan, with clearly stated goals and objectives. 8) Forest condition, yields, management activities are well as social and environmental impacts have to be monitored. 9) "Management activities in high conservation value forests shall maintain or enhance the attributes which define such forests." 10) In addition to the principles stated above, plantations need to meet Principle 10 and its Criteria, by which "Plantations should complement the management of, reduce pressures on, and promote the restoration and conservation of natural forests." For more detailed information on FSC Principles and Criteria please refer to document 1.2 on the FSC website. Full certification of forest products involves two steps. The first is an assessment of forest management at the site to ensure that management practices meet the criteria of resource sustainability and environmental service provision. The second is chain of custody certification, where the channel through which forest products travel, from certified forest to processor and distributors to the final consumer, is verified. Many companies that have certified forests also possess certified mills and are distributors of certified wood as well. Natural forest are defined as areas where many of the principal characteristics and key elements of native ecosystems such as complexity, structure and diversity are present, as defined by FSC approved national and regional standards of forest management. Plantations are areas lacking most of the principal characteristics and key elements of native ecosystems as defined by FSC-approved national and regional standards of forest stewardship, which result from the human activities of either planting, sowing or intensive silvicultural treatments. In this data file, plantations include, areas with mixed vegetation cover, such as mixed natural forest and plantations. According to FSC, certified plantations should: decrease the pressures on natural forests; have diversity in composition in species and age classes; include, where possible, native over exotic species; serve to improve soil function, fertility and structure; and have some proportion of their area managed for the restoration of natural forest cover. Certified forest labeled as "mixed" include areas with natural forests and plantations; areas with semi-natural forests; and areas with mixed semi-natural forests and plantations. Please refer to the original source for further information on the variables and collection methodologies.
Purpose:
Forest Certification is the process by which the performance of on-the-ground forestry operations are assessed against a predetermined set of standards. The Forest Stewardship Council's Principles and Criteria for Forest Management serve as the global foundation for the development of region-specific forest-management standards. Independent certification bodies, accredited by the FSC in the application of these standards, conduct impartial, detailed assessments of forest operations at the request of landowners. If the forest operations are found to be in conformance with FSC standards, a certificate is issued, enabling the landowner to bring product to market as "certified wood", and to use FSC trademark logo.
Units:
Hectares
GEO Theme:
Forests
GEO Data Category:   
Vegetation and Land Cover
Type:
Data downloads
Subtype:
-----
Language:
English
Status:
Complete
Maintenance:
Unknown
 
 
 
Keywords
GEMET Theme:
Forestry
Free Keywords:
Forest, FSC, Forest Stewardship Council , accredited certification bodies, subregional level
 
 
 
Online Reference
URL:
http://www.fscoax.org/html/available_documents.html
File Format:
Web page
 
 
 
Spatial Reference
Coverage:
World
Coordinates:
 
North
90
 
West -180
 
180 East
 
-90
South
 
Region:
World
Subregion:
-----
Resolution:
Subregion
 
 
 
Temporal Reference
Covered Time:
1996-2001
 
 
 
Responsability
Person:
Jaap Van Woerden
Organization:
UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva
Address:
11, chemin des Anemones
 
 
Postal Code:
1219
City:
Chatelaine
State:
Geneva
Country:
Switzerland
Phone:
+41 22 917 82 94
Fax:
+41 22 917 80 29
Email:
geo@grid.unep.ch
 
 
Publisher:
UNEP/GRID
Publ. Place:
Geneva
 
 
Publ. Year:
2002
Data Source:
FSC
Data Provider:
FSC
Copyright:
UNEP/GRID
User Constr.:
Public
 
 
 
Metadata Information
Person:
Gregory Giuliani
Organization:
UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva
Address:
11, Chemin des Anemones
 
 
Postal Code:
1219
City:
Chatelaine
State:
Geneva
Country:
Switzerland
Phone:
+41 22 917 82 94
Fax:
+41 22 917 80 29
Email:
geo@grid.unep.ch
 
 
Date:
20020313
 
 
 
 
 
GIS Data Info
Projection:
-----
 
 
Min. Scale:
-----
Max. Scale
-----
Data Resol.:
-----
Data Format:
-----
 
 
 
Statistics Data Info
Aggregation method
Mehtod:
Sum
Weight factor:
-----
Comments:
The data is only aggregated if at least 75 % of the observations are available (i.e. % of population or % of area or % of countries) on an annual basis. The value "-9999" corresponds to "No Data"
 
Interpolations/Extrapolations
Interpolations:
None
Extrapolations:
None
Method:
Other
Comments:
-----
 
Calculated pre 1991-1992 relative country share
Former USSR:
None
Former Yugoslavia SFR:
None
Former Czechoslovakia:
None
Former Ethiopia:
None
Comments:
-----
 
General comments
Country notes:
-----
Definitions:
-----
Comments:
The Forest Stewardship Council is an international non-profit organisation founded in 1993 to support environmentally appropriate, socially beneficial, and economically viable management of the world's forests. It is the only independent third-party certification body for forests and forest products. Membership in the FSC consists of representatives from social and environmental groups, timber trade and forestry professionals, indigenous peoples' organizations, community forestry groups, and forest product certification organizations such as the Certified Forest Products Council. The nine-member board has representatives from Sweden, USA, Cameroon, Indonesia, Malaysia, Brazil, Ecuador and Canada. These representatives are mostly from non-governmental organizations (NGOs). The FSC is introducing an international labelling scheme for forest products, which provides a credible guarantee that the product comes from a well managed forest. According to the FSC all forest products carrying their logo have been independently certified as coming from forests that meet the internationally recognised FSC Principles and Criteria of Forest Stewardship. For more detailed information on FSC Principles and Criteria please refer to Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) On-line Data Service, available at: http://www.fscoax.org (FSC, Oaxaca, Mexico, February 2000). Copyright c 2002 (Aggregations) United Nations Environment Programme/DEWA/GRID-Geneva. Data aggregation made by Andrea DeBono and Ola Nordbeck (UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva).