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Title
Title:
Annual Forest Plantation Change
SubTitle:
Subregional level
Filename:  
sreg_forest_plantation_change
 
 
 
General Description
Abstract:
Plantation refers to forest stands established artificially by afforestation and reforestation for industrial and non-industrial usage. Reforestation does not include regeneration of old tree crops (through either natural regeneration or forest management), although some countries may report regeneration as reforestation. Many trees are also planted for non-industrial uses, such as village wood lots. Non-industrial plantations include those established for fuelwood production, soil protection, amenity or other purposes. They do not include plantations of agro-forestry crops, such as rubber and oil palm. Reforestation data often exclude this component. The data presented here reflect plantation survival rate as estimated by FAO. Plantation figures correspond to reported area, i.e., areas reported to be present either by government, industry, or some other outside source. Reported areas are usually accumulated, planted area and may be different from the actual area of plantation that exists on the ground. Plantation areas in developed countries, with a few exceptions, are not presented in this table because of the difficulty in distinguishing between natural forests and plantations in many countries. The data for plantation extent 1995 cover the areas of forest plantations of all species in 90 tropical and subtropical countries. Tropical countries are defined as those countries having more than 50% of their land area between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn while subtropical countries are those bordering the tropics. Total, percent and annual percent change all reflect the increase or decrease in plantation area between 1990 and 1995. Total change in plantation area, is the difference in extent of plantations between 1990 and 1995 in thousands of hectares. Average annual percent change is shown as a percentage of the exponential growth rate. If negative, these figures reflect net loss in plantation area. Positive change figures reflect net afforestation within a country or region. Readers are encouraged to refer to the original sources and the latest country inventories that use satellite data or extensive ground data for estimates of forest cover and deforestation. FAO is currently finalizing an update of the Forest Resource Assessment for the world, which is expected to be published in the year 2000. Please refer to the original source for further information on the variables and collection methodologies.
Purpose:
FAO defines forest plantations as "Forest stands established by planting or/and seeding in the process of afforestation or reforestation. They are either: of introduced species (all planted stands) or intensively managed stands of indigenous species."
Units:
Thousand Hectares
GEO Theme:
Forests
GEO Data Category:   
Vegetation and Land Cover
Type:
Data downloads
Subtype:
-----
Language:
English
Status:
Complete
Maintenance:
Unknown
 
 
 
Keywords
GEMET Theme:
Forestry
Free Keywords:
Forest, plantation, average annual change, subregional level
 
 
 
Online Reference
URL:
htttp://apps.fao.org
File Format:
Excel spreadsheet
 
 
 
Spatial Reference
Coverage:
World
Coordinates:
 
North
90
 
West -180
 
180 East
 
-90
South
 
Region:
World
Subregion:
-----
Resolution:
Subregion
 
 
 
Temporal Reference
Covered Time:
2000
 
 
 
Responsability
Person:
Jaap Van Woerden
Organization:
UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva
Address:
11, chemin des Anemones
 
 
Postal Code:
1219
City:
Chatelaine
State:
Geneva
Country:
Switzerland
Phone:
+41 22 917 82 94
Fax:
+41 22 917 80 29
Email:
geo@grid.unep.ch
 
 
Publisher:
UNEP/GRID
Publ. Place:
Geneva
 
 
Publ. Year:
2002
Data Source:
Global Forest Resource
Data Provider:
FAO
Copyright:
UNEP/GRID
User Constr.:
Public
 
 
 
Metadata Information
Person:
Gregory Giuliani
Organization:
UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva
Address:
11, Chemin des Anemones
 
 
Postal Code:
1219
City:
Chatelaine
State:
Geneva
Country:
Switzerland
Phone:
+41 22 917 82 94
Fax:
+41 22 917 80 29
Email:
geo@grid.unep.ch
 
 
Date:
20020211
 
 
 
 
 
GIS Data Info
Projection:
-----
 
 
Min. Scale:
-----
Max. Scale
-----
Data Resol.:
-----
Data Format:
-----
 
 
 
Statistics Data Info
Aggregation method
Mehtod:
Sum
Weight factor:
-----
Comments:
The data is only aggregated if at least 75 % of the observations are available (i.e. % of population or % of area or % of countries) on an annual basis. The value "-9999" corresponds to "No Data"
 
Interpolations/Extrapolations
Interpolations:
None
Extrapolations:
None
Method:
Other
Comments:
-----
 
Calculated pre 1991-1992 relative country share
Former USSR:
None
Former Yugoslavia SFR:
None
Former Czechoslovakia:
None
Former Ethiopia:
None
Comments:
-----
 
General comments
Country notes:
-----
Definitions:
Plantation Average Annual Change - Total is the annual change of a forest established by planting and/or seeding in the process of afforestation or reforestation. It consists of introduced species or, in some cases, indigenous species. Forest plantation and natural forests are included in the term forest, a term that refers to land with a tree cover of more than 10 percent and area of more than 0.5 ha. Forests are determined both by the presence of trees and the absence of other predominant land uses. The trees should be able to reach a minimum height of 5 m. Young stands that have not yet reached, but are expected to reach, a crown density of 10m percent and tree height of 5 m are included under forest, as are temporarily unstocked areas. The term includes forests used for purposes of production, protection, multiple use or conservation (i.e. forest in national parks, nature reserves and other protected areas), as well as forest stands on agricultural lands (e.g. windbreaks and shelterbelts of trees with a width of more than 20 m) and rubberwood plantations and cork oak stands. The term specifically excludes stands of trees established primarily for agricultural production, for example fruit tree plantations. It also excludes trees planted in agroforestry systems.
Comments:
Copyright c 2002 (Aggregations) United Nations Environment Programme/DEWA/GRID-Geneva. Data aggregation made by Andrea DeBono and Ola Nordbeck (UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva).