The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has produced annual statistics on fertilizers on a world-wide basis since 1950.
Statistics on world production, trade, consumption, and available world supply of fertilizers (N, P205, K20, and Total Fertilizers) are given in summary tables. Data are represented on nitrogenous fertilizers (production, import, export, and consumption); phosphates fertilizers (production, import, export, and consumption); potash fertilizers (production, import, export, and consumption); and total fertilizers (production, import, export, and consumption) for countries, regions, and the world.
Fertilizer statistics have been published annually since 1950 under various titles, An Annual Review of World Production, Trade and Consumption of Fertilizers, and Fertilizer Yearbook. (The last title was adopted in 1978 for conformity with FAO statistical publications.)
The time series vary in the Fertilizer Yearbook. For example, summary tables for world production, trade, consumption, and world supply of fertilizers are given for the most recent four years. Data on rock phosphate, ammonia, and phosphoric acid and on production, trade, and consumption of fertilizer by country are reported for the most recent 12-year period. In the tables, production based on imported ammonia phosphoric acid or rock phosphate is considered national production. On the other hand, production based on imported finished fertilizers (e.g., ammonium phosphate, potassium chloride, etc.) is excluded from national production to avoid double counting at the world level.
Trade of ammonia and phosphoric acid includes all forms entering international trade. Where the N or P205 contents are not known, standard conversion factors are used.
Mixed fertilizers comprise a mixture of more than one of the three primary plant nutrients and are produced by mechanically mixing powdered, single nutrient constituents without any further granulation. Complex fertilizers contain more than one of the primary plant nutrients produced through a chemical process.
The time reference for fertilizer statistics is 1 July to 30 June. For countries that report their fertilizer statistics on a calendar-year basis, data are shown under the fertilizer year that begins in that calendar year. For example, 1991 data are under 1991/92. The unit of measurement for all fertilizers is given in metric tons of plant nutrients (N, P205, K20), except for production and trade of Rock Phosphate where figures refer to metric ton of product.
For the 45th issue of the Fertilizer Yearbook, the continental and world aggregates refer to countries listed, except in tables 2, 3, and 4 where world totals include the U.S.S.R., even though it does not appear in these tables. Owing to rounding, individual figures may not add up to the totals.
On the basis of newly available information, analysis and revisions are made to the data in order to enhance their quality and reliability. In the absence of reliable sources, or when information on fertilizers for the latest year is not available in time, provisional data supplied by the ad hoc Working Party on Fertilizer Statistics, which includes representatives of the fertilizer industry, are used. These figures are marked with asterisks, meaning data are from unofficial sources.
GEO Data Category:
Fertilizer and Pesticides Consumption& Production
Fertilizer, consumption, subregional level
Jaap Van Woerden
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11, Chemin des Anemones
+41 22 917 82 94
+41 22 917 80 29
GIS Data Info
Statistics Data Info
The data is only aggregated if at least 75 % of the observations are available (i.e. % of population or % of area or % of countries) on an annual basis.
The value "-9999" corresponds to "No Data"
Calculated pre 1991-1992 relative country share
Former Yugoslavia SFR:
Preľ1991 relative shares of the 15 republics of the former USSR calculated based on data available
Preľ1992 relative shares of the Czech Republic and Slovakia of the former Czechoslovakia calculated
based on data available after 1992.
Preľ1991 relative shares of the 6 republics of the former Yugoslav SFR calculated based on data
available after 1991.
Data for Belgium include Luxembourg.
Data for China include Taiwan.
Data for Ethiopia up to 1993 are for Ethiopia, People's Democratic Republic (PDR), which included
Data for the Republic of Yemen and the People Democratic Republic of Yemen have been combined.
fertilizer consumption refers to the application of nutrients in terms of nitrogen (N), phosphate (P2O5), and potash (K2O) consumed in agriculture by a country.
The fertilizer year is July 1--June 30. For countries that report their fertilizer statistics on a calendar year basis, data are shown under the fertilizer year that begins in that calendar year; for example, 1991 data are under 1991/92.
Copyright c 2001 (Aggregations) United Nations Environment Programme/DEWA/GRID-Geneva.
Data aggregation made by Andrea DeBono and Ola Nordbeck (UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva).