Food balance sheets cover food production, available supply, feed and manufacture, and per capita food supplies available for consumption in quantity, caloric value, and protein and fat content. Food supply and utilization data are reported in thousand metric tons or metric tons and per capita food supply are given in kilograms per year, grams per day, the caloric value in numbers of kilocalories per day, and the protein and fat contents in grams per day.
Food balance sheets for individual countries provide the most recent three-year average for domestic supply (as production, imports, stock changes, exports, processed trade, and total supply), domestic utilization (as feed, seed, food manufacture, other uses, waste, and food), and per capita utilization (per year and per day) of major food groups with breakdown, where significant, for specific food commodities.
Major food groups include the following: total vegetable products; total animal products; cereals (excluding beer); starchy roots; sweeteners; pulses; tree nuts; oilcrops; vegetables; fruit (excluding wine); stimulants; spices; alcoholic beverages; meat; milk (excluding butter); eggs; fish and seafood; vegetable oils; animal fats; and, miscellaneous.
Food balance sheets and per capita food supply are provided for 175 countries.
Food balance sheets are based on individual series of Supply/Utilization Accounts (SUAs) which are prepared on a calendar-year basis and updated annually. Food balance sheets cover a three-year-average period with a five-year interval between volumes.
FAO uses both official and unofficial data available in the Statistics Division and other units concerned in FAO. Missing data are estimated on the basis of surveys and other information as well as technical expertise available in FAO. Comments on previously prepared food balance sheets and suggestions for their improvement received from countries are taken into account in preparing new series.
Standardized formats for food balance sheets provide consistency within and among volumes. Data evaluation and consistency checks are undertaken. External consistency checks are based on supplemental information, such as the results of surveys conducted in various parts of the world and relevant technical, nutritional, and economic expertise.
Accuracy depends on the reliability of the underlying basic data on population, supply and utilization of foods, and nutritive value of foods. This varies between countries. Estimates and/or adjustments are made to remedy gaps and inconsistencies in underlying data, particularly for developing countries. There are also many gaps in data on food utilization for non-food purposes, such as feed, seed and manufacture, as well as those for farm, commercial, and even government stocks. In most cases, assumptions for food waste are based on expert opinion because there is little survey data and, when available, they are subject to significant margins of error.
Food balance sheets prepared by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) document country-level sources and utilization of primary food commodity groups and processed commodity groups potentially available for human consumption. Time series show trends in the overall national food supply. Food balance sheets are the main source of data used in FAO's assessment and appraisal of the world food situation.
The FAO indices for meat production are computed based on data for production from indigenous animals, which takes account of the meat equivalent of exported live animals but excludes the meat equivalent of imported live animals. For index purposes, annual changes in livestock and poultry numbers or in their average live weight are not taken into account.
The data is only aggregated if at least 75 % of the observations are available (i.e. % of population or % of area or % of countries) on an annual basis.
The value "-9999" corresponds to "No Data".
Calculated pre 1991-1992 relative country share
National and aggregations
Former Yugoslavia SFR:
National and aggregations
National and aggregations
Preľ1991 relative shares of the 15 republics of the former USSR calculated based on data available after 1991.
Preľ1992 relative shares of the Czech Republic and Slovakia of the former Czechoslovakia calculated based on data available after 1992.
Preľ1991 relative shares of the 5 republics of the former Yugoslavia SFR calculated based on data available after 1991.
Data for Anguilla are included with those of Saint Kitts and Nevis.
Data for Belgium include those for Luxembourg.
Data for China include those for Taiwan.
Data for East Timor are included in those of Indonesia.
Data for Eritrea before 1993 are shown under Ethiopia.
Data for Saint Helena include those for Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.
Meat production includes meat from animals slaughtered in countries, irrespective of their origin and comprises horse meat, poultry meat and meat from all other domestic or wild animals such as camels, rabbits, reindeer and game animals.
Copyright c 2001 (Aggregations) United Nations Environment Programme/DEWA/GRID-Geneva.
Data aggregation made by Andrea DeBono and Ola Nordbeck (UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva).