Average Calorie Supply from Animal Products - per Capita
Food balance sheets cover food production, available supply, feed and manufacture, and per capita food supplies available for consumption in quantity, caloric value, and protein and fat content. Food supply and utilization data are reported in thousand metric tons or metric tons and per capita food supply are given in kilograms per year, grams per day, the caloric value in numbers of kilocalories per day, and the protein and fat contents in grams per day.
Food balance sheets for individual countries provide the most recent three-year average for domestic supply (as production, imports, stock changes, exports, processed trade, and total supply), domestic utilization (as feed, seed, food manufacture, other uses, waste, and food), and per capita utilization (per year and per day) of major food groups with breakdown, where significant, for specific food commodities.
Major food groups include the following: total vegetable products; total animal products; cereals (excluding beer); starchy roots; sweeteners; pulses; tree nuts; oilcrops; vegetables; fruit (excluding wine); stimulants; spices; alcoholic beverages; meat; milk (excluding butter); eggs; fish and seafood; vegetable oils; animal fats; and, miscellaneous.
Food balance sheets and per capita food supply are provided for 175 countries.
Food balance sheets are based on individual series of Supply/Utilization Accounts (SUAs) which are prepared on a calendar-year basis and updated annually. Food balance sheets cover a three-year-average period with a five-year interval between volumes. Data are currently available through 1995.
FAO published the first food balance sheets in 1949 for 41 countries, covering the period 1934-38 and 1947/48. A year later, it published a supplement giving 1949/50 data for 36 countries. Annual supplements were prepared until 1957 when FAO decided to publish three-year average food balance sheets with a five-year interval between volumes. The number of countries covered in the early annual and initial three-year reports was between 29 and 41 countries. In 1977, beginning with the 1972-74 average food balance sheets and with the aid of the Interlinked Computerized Storage and Processing System of Food and Agricultural Commodity Data (ICS), FAO was able to provide coverage for at least 145 countries, all continents, summaries for economic classes and regions, and the world. By the 1979-81 issue, FAO had produced a standardized format which it continues to use.
FAO uses both official and unofficial data available in the Statistics Division and other units concerned in FAO. Missing data are estimated on the basis of surveys and other information as well as technical expertise available in FAO. Comments on previously prepared food balance sheets and suggestions for their improvement received from countries are taken into account in preparing new series.
Standardized formats for food balance sheets provide consistency within and among volumes. Data evaluation and consistency checks are undertaken. External consistency checks are based on supplemental information, such as the results of surveys conducted in various parts of the world and relevant technical, nutritional, and economic expertise.
Accuracy depends on the reliability of the underlying basic data on population, supply and utilization of foods, and nutritive value of foods. This varies between countries. Estimates and/or adjustments are made to remedy gaps and inconsistencies in underlying data, particularly for developing countries. There are also many gaps in data on food utilization for non-food purposes, such as feed, seed and manufacture, as well as those for farm, commercial, and even government stocks. In most cases, assumptions for food waste are based on expert opinion because there is little survey data and, when available, they are subject to significant margins of error.
Food balance sheets prepared by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) document country-level sources and utilization of primary food commodity groups and processed commodity groups potentially available for human consumption. Time series show trends in the overall national food supply. Food balance sheets are the main source of data used in FAO's assessment and appraisal of the world food situation.
GEO Data Category:
Food Supply and Caloric Intake
Food, drinking water
Food, calorie supply from animal products, average, capita, subregional level
Jaap Van Woerden
11, chemin des Anemones
+41 22 917 82 94
+41 22 917 80 29
11, Chemin des Anemones
+41 22 917 82 94
+41 22 917 80 29
GIS Data Info
Statistics Data Info
The data is only aggregated if at least 75 % of the observations are available (i.e. % of population or % of area or % of countries) on an annual basis.
The value "-9999" corresponds to "No Data".
Calculated pre 1991-1992 relative country share
Former Yugoslavia SFR:
Preľ1991 relative shares of the 15 republics of the former USSR calculated based on data available after 1991
Preľ1992 relative shares of the Czech Republic and Slovakia of the former Czechoslovakia calculated based on data available after 1992
Preľ1991 relative shares of the 5 republics of the former Yugoslavia SFR calculated based on data available after 1991
The calculated values relate to the regional/subregional and global aggregations only.
The data here give estimates of total per capita calorie supplies from animal products. These values
were arrived by applying appropriate factors for all primary and processed products. Per capita
supplies are derived from the total animal product calorie supplies available for human consumption
by dividing the quantity of calories by the total population actually partaking of the food supplies.
Nationals living abroad during the reference period are excluded, but foreigners living in the country
are included. Adjustments are made wherever possible for part-time presence or absence, such as
temporary migrants, tourists and refugees.
Per capita supply figures represent only the average supply available for the population as a whole
and do not necessarily indicate what is actually consumed by individuals. Even if they are taken as
approximations of per capita consumption, it is important to bear in mind that there could be
considerable variation in consumption between individuals.
In almost all cases, the population figures used are the mid-year estimates published by the United
Nations Population Division. Calorie supplies are reported in kilocalories (1 calorie = 4.19 kilojoules).
Copyright c 2001 (Aggregations) United Nations Environment Programme/DEWA/GRID-Geneva.
Data aggregation made by Andrea DeBono and Ola Nordbeck (UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva).