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Title
Title:
Internet Users
SubTitle:
Regional level
Filename:  
reg_internet_users
 
 
 
General Description
Abstract:
The Internet represents a fundamental revolution in the way the global community thinks, lives, shops, gathers information and conducts business. Since the telecommunication industry provides the infrastructure for the Internet, the two are inextricably linked. In fact, the public switched telephone network (PSTN) connects tens of millions of computers on the Internet, providing most of the transport over which the Internet protocol (IP) and related application services such as the World Wide Web are carried. In addition, the PSTN provides dial-up access to the Internet for millions of users. The explosive growth of the Internet, and other IP-based networks, and with it the ever increasing demand for higher bandwidth/capacity, has network operators and manufacturers alike reconsidering their services, network structures, products, etc. Information technology and the use of IP-based networks and applications (e.g. e-commerce) have become critical factors in the development of telecommunication networks. Data traffic is growing at more than ten times the rate of voice traffic and it is estimated that in the near future data will account for 80 per cent of all traffic carried by telecommunication networks. Therefore, with this rapid change, the past concept of telephone networks that also carry data will be replaced by the concept of data networks that also carry voice. In this regard, seamless interworking between IP-based networks and telecommunication networks and interoperability of their respective applications/services is essential to meet the burgeoning business requirements placed on modern communications networks. Another important trend in telecommunication networks is the emergence of mobile networks and a significant increase in the number of customers subscribing to them. The work on the third generation mobile networks performed by ITU under the name of IMT-2000 has, as its main features, an increased data speed of 384 kbit/s up to 2 Mbit/s, a global roaming capability and the virtual home environment (enabling users to move seamlessly between fixed and mobile networks). These features will provide an additional infrastructure for the IP-based network services with fast, ubiquitous access through the global roaming capability. Interoperability of networks and of applications is becoming an increasingly important aspect. The interaction of IP-based networks and telecommunication networks for the purpose of gaining access to the Internet, or other IP-network applications, and the need for the interoperability of IP-based services and telecommunication services means providing real time Internet or other IP-based multimedia services with the speed, capacity, ease of use, reliability and integrity of the public telephone networks in use around the world. These are aspects of telecommunication network standardization in which ITU-T has an excellent track record. Not only are we facing major changes in the telecommunication network, but also these changes are developing at ever shorter time intervals, with reduced development intervals and corresponding shorter life-cycles for services and products. Standards bodies must be able to change their focus and work direction to produce necessary standards at much shorter intervals. In short, business directions are changing across the telecommunication industry. Consequently, standards organizations, forums and consortia are facing new challenges in terms of work direction and focus. We are also seeing the emergence of new bodies to address related areas. The ultimate value of IP and telecommunication network interactions is the building of an integrated network through which people will have increased opportunities to interconnect and exchange ideas. It is a major challenge for ITU-T to meet and it is necessary, if the vision is to become reality, for ITU-T to leverage its knowledge, experience and competence in developing global standards for communications networks. More infromation: http://www.worldbank.org/data/ http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/
Purpose:
While the development of the Internet in developed countries has been widely documented, its diffusion in developing nations has generally not been well researched. The ITU is carrying out a series of case studies on the diffusion of the Internet in countries at different stages of development. The aim of the project will be to seek to understand the factors, which accelerate or retard the development of the Internet in different environments and, through comparative analysis, to advise policy makers and regulatory agencies on appropriate courses of action. A particular focus will be on the spread of the Internet in different sectors of the economy such as health, education and commerce as well as government.
Units:
Number of People
GEO Theme:
Socio-Economy
GEO Data Category:   
Infrastructure
Type:
Other Documents
Subtype:
-----
Language:
English
Status:
Complete
Maintenance:
Unknown
 
 
 
Keywords
GEMET Theme:
General (other)
Free Keywords:
Internet, internet users, regional level
 
 
 
Online Reference
URL:
No reference for download
File Format:
-----
 
 
 
Spatial Reference
Coverage:
World
Coordinates:
 
North
90
 
West -180
 
180 East
 
-90
South
 
Region:
World
Subregion:
-----
Resolution:
Region
 
 
 
Temporal Reference
Covered Time:
1990-1999
 
 
 
Responsability
Person:
Jaap Van Woerden
Organization:
UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva
Address:
11, chemin des Anemones
 
 
Postal Code:
1219
City:
Chatelaine
State:
Geneva
Country:
Switzerland
Phone:
+41 22 917 82 94
Fax:
+41 22 917 80 29
Email:
geo@grid.unep.ch
 
 
Publisher:
UNEP/GRID
Publ. Place:
Geneva
 
 
Publ. Year:
2002
Data Source:
ITU/Internet Dvpt.
Data Provider:
WB
Copyright:
UNEP/GRID
User Constr.:
Public
 
 
 
Metadata Information
Person:
Gregory Giuliani
Organization:
UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva
Address:
11, Chemin des Anemones
 
 
Postal Code:
1219
City:
Chatelaine
State:
Geneva
Country:
Switzerland
Phone:
+41 22 917 82 94
Fax:
+41 22 917 80 29
Email:
geo@grid.unep.ch
 
 
Date:
20020320
 
 
 
 
 
GIS Data Info
Projection:
-----
 
 
Min. Scale:
-----
Max. Scale
-----
Data Resol.:
-----
Data Format:
-----
 
 
 
Statistics Data Info
Aggregation method
Mehtod:
Weighted average
Weight factor:
Total Population
Comments:
The data is only aggregated if at least 75 % of the observations are available (i.e. % of population or % of area or % of countries) on an annual basis. The value "-9999" corresponds to "No Data".
 
Interpolations/Extrapolations
Interpolations:
Aggregations only
Extrapolations:
None
Method:
Trend
Comments:
Some values are calculated by interpolations; they are exclusively used for the regional/subregional and global aggregations.
 
Calculated pre 1991-1992 relative country share
Former USSR:
None
Former Yugoslavia SFR:
None
Former Czechoslovakia:
None
Former Ethiopia:
None
Comments:
-----
 
General comments
Country notes:
Data for China include Hong Kong.
Definitions:
Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network. Data on Internet users are based on reported estimates, derived from reported counts of Internet service provider (ISP) subscribers, or calculated by multiplying the number of hosts by an estimated multiplier.
Comments:
Copyright c 2002 (Aggregations) United Nations Environment Programme/DEWA/GRID-Geneva. Data aggregation made by Andrea DeBono and Ola Nordbeck (UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva).