The underlying WHO Mortality Database contains mortality statistics by country, age group, sex, year and cause-of-death. These data can be employed for research purposes and in public health management (overall priority setting, formulating objectives and intervention strategies, monitoring the health situation, and assessing the effectiveness of interventions and of health services).
Cause-of-death information is compiled on the basis of reports provided at registration of death. Good quality information requires that death registration be near universal, that the cause-of-death be reported routinely on the death record, and that it be determined by a qualified observer according to the International Classification of Diseases. Such information is now compiled by WHO annually for approximately 70 countries.
As a measurement of cause-specific mortality, this indicator can serve several purposes:
- to establish the relative public health importance of acute respiratory illness as a cause of death;
- to monitor trends over time and provide an early warning of the need for intervention;
- to map variations in acute respiratory illness, as a basis for identifying areas requiring special interventions;
- to monitor the effectiveness of policies and other interventions aimed at reducing acute respiratory mortality;
- to help investigate associations between air pollution or other risk factors and mortality due to acute respiratory illness.
- to provide an indication of the potential for other diseases associated with the same environmental health issues. An important example in developing countries is diseases such as chronic respiratory disease in women who as a result of exposure to domestic indoor air pollution from coal and biomass burning.
More information: http://www.who.int/whosis/
Acute respiratory illness is the single largest cause of mortality in children under 5 years of age. This indicator measures the health effect of acute respiratory mortality in the high risk group of under-five year olds. As an indicator for environmental health it provides an indication of potential health effects associated with the important issues of air pollution (especially indoor and vehicle pollution) and other environmental issues such as crowding and socio-economic status. Death due to acute respiratory illness is most commonly associated with infection or obstruction of the lower respiratory tract (i.e. the larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles or lung). By providing a measurement of mortality in the sensitive group of under-five year olds, this indicator also provides an indirect indication of potential health effects in older age groups.
The value "-9999" corresponds to "No Data".
The data is only aggregated if at least 75 % of the observations are available (i.e. % of population or % of countries or % of GDP), on an annual basis.
Calculated pre 1991-1992 relative country share
Former Yugoslavia SFR:
Mortality due to Respiratory Infections: Effects are generally irritation and reduced lung function with increased incidence of respiratory disease, especially in more susceptible members of the population such as young children, the elderly and asthmatics. Pollutants of concern include sulphur and nitrogen oxides, photochemical oxidants (e.g. ozone), particulates and mixtures of pollutants.
For more information see: http://www.who.int/whr/2001/archives/2000/en/statistics.htm
Copyright c 2002 (Aggregations) United Nations Environment Programme/DEWA/GRID-Geneva.
Data aggregation made by Andrea DeBono and Ola Nordbeck (UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva).