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Title
Title:
Rural Population with Access to Improved Sanitation
SubTitle:
Regional level
Filename:  
reg_pop_rural_access_sanit
 
 
 
General Description
Abstract:
At the end of the International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade, WHO and UNICEF decided to combine their experience and resources in a Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation. At its inception, the overall aim of the Joint Monitoring Programme was to improve planning and management within countries by supporting countries in monitoring the water and sanitation sector. This concept evolved and the JMP included within its aims the recurrent preparation of global assessments of the water supply and sanitation sector. This report presents the findings of the fourth assessment by the WHO and UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme. Previous reports were produced in 1991, 1993 and 1996 and were devoted primarily to providing information on water supply and sanitation coverage, and on the progress made at the country level by local agencies in monitoring the sector. The present report updates and consolidates findings of earlier reports through the use of broader and verifiable data sources. Such sources include information from national surveys, which provided the basis for determining most of the coverage figures in this report. Important resources were mobilized throughout the world for data collection and data analysis. Many countries formed national teams representing the different sector agencies, not only to collect data, but also to assess the status of their water supply and sanitation sector. In Latin America and the Caribbean most countries, under the leadership of the WHO Regional Office for the Americas, prepared country assessment reports as a result of the debates and findings of their country-level exercises. There are serious limitations to the monitoring of water supply and sanitation in many developing countries;while for the purposes of international assessment it is necessary to pursue international consistency. Most of this report coverage has been calculated from service user information, rather than service provider information. Although this may generate coverage estimates that may differ from official country statistics, this approach provides the best overall assessment based on the data available. As new information becomes available this will systematically be added to the information base and estimates will be updated accordingly through the WHO and UNICEF web sites. This report constitutes a source of information for water and sanitation coverage estimates, and for supporting decisions relating to investment, planning, management and quality of service in the sector. It aims to inform those within and beyond the water supply and sanitation sector of the current status of water supply and sanitation, and to highlight the huge challenges faced in meeting the need for safe water supply and adequate sanitation world wide. It is written for all those who wish to know where the water and sanitation sector now stands, and how it is changing over time. These include: national government officials; sector planners and consultants; bilateral, multilateral and United Nations agency staff; staff of international and national professional associations and nongovernmental organizations; researchers; and sector professionals throughout the world. The water supply and sanitation coverage data generated by the Joint Monitoring Programme are the reference data for the United Nations system. As such, they will be used as the water supply and sanitation reference for the United Nations' World Water Resources report, which will be launched in 2002 on the tenth anniversary of the Earth Summit. More information: http://www.wsscc.org/index.php http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/Globassessment/GlobalTOC.htm
Purpose:
The WHO and UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP) provides a snapshot of water supply and sanitation worldwide at the turn of the millennium using information available from different sources. From 2001 the JMP database - for both historic data and future projections - will be periodically updated.
Units:
Percent
GEO Theme:
Socio-Economy
GEO Data Category:   
Health
Type:
Other Documents
Subtype:
-----
Language:
English
Status:
Complete
Maintenance:
Unknown
 
 
 
Keywords
GEMET Theme:
Human health
Free Keywords:
Health, rural population, access to improved sanitation, regional level
 
 
 
Online Reference
URL:
No reference for download
File Format:
-----
 
 
 
Spatial Reference
Coverage:
World
Coordinates:
 
North
90
 
West -180
 
180 East
 
-90
South
 
Region:
World
Subregion:
-----
Resolution:
Region
 
 
 
Temporal Reference
Covered Time:
1990, 2000
 
 
 
Responsability
Person:
Jaap Van Woerden
Organization:
UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva
Address:
11, chemin des Anemones
 
 
Postal Code:
1219
City:
Chatelaine
State:
Geneva
Country:
Switzerland
Phone:
+41 22 917 82 94
Fax:
+41 22 917 80 29
Email:
geo@grid.unep.ch
 
 
Publisher:
UNEP/GRID
Publ. Place:
Geneva
 
 
Publ. Year:
2002
Data Source:
WHO/Water
Data Provider:
WHO/UNICEF
Copyright:
UNEP/GRID
User Constr.:
Public
 
 
 
Metadata Information
Person:
Gregory Giuliani
Organization:
UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva
Address:
11, Chemin des Anemones
 
 
Postal Code:
1219
City:
Chatelaine
State:
Geneva
Country:
Switzerland
Phone:
+41 22 917 82 94
Fax:
+41 22 917 80 29
Email:
geo@grid.unep.ch
 
 
Date:
20020321
 
 
 
 
 
GIS Data Info
Projection:
-----
 
 
Min. Scale:
-----
Max. Scale
-----
Data Resol.:
-----
Data Format:
-----
 
 
 
Statistics Data Info
Aggregation method
Mehtod:
Weighted average
Weight factor:
Rural Population 1990, 2000
Comments:
The data is only aggregated if at least 75 % of the observations are available (i.e. % of population or % of area or % of countries) on an annual basis. Weighting factor Data Source: World Urbanization Prospects: The 1999 Revision The value "-9999" corresponds to "No Data".
 
Interpolations/Extrapolations
Interpolations:
None
Extrapolations:
None
Method:
Other
Comments:
-----
 
Calculated pre 1991-1992 relative country share
Former USSR:
None
Former Yugoslavia SFR:
None
Former Czechoslovakia:
None
Former Ethiopia:
None
Comments:
-----
 
General comments
Country notes:
-----
Definitions:
The access to sanitation is defined in terms of the types of technology and levels of service afforded. This includes connection to a public sewer, connection to septic system, pour-flush latrine, simple pit latrine, ventilated improved pit latrine allowance was also made for other locally-defined technologies. Access to sanitation, does not imply that the level of service is "adequate" or "safe"; these terms were replaced with "improved". The "Assessment 2000" did not provide standardized definitions of urban and rural, as none could be found that would be consistent with the range of definitions adopted locally.
Comments:
Copyright c 2002 (Aggregations) United Nations Environment Programme/DEWA/GRID-Geneva. Data aggregation made by Andrea DeBono and Ola Nordbeck (UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva).