Urban Population with Access to Improved Sanitation
The definition changes depending if on whether urban or rural areas are being considered. Urban areas with access to sanitation services are defined as urban populations served by connections to public sewers or household systems such as pit-privies, pour-flush latrines, septic tanks, communal toilets, and other such facilities. Rural populations with access to sanitation are defined as those with adequate disposal, such as pit-privies and pour-flush latrines. The World Health Organization (WHO) collects data from national governments (through questionnaries completed by public health officials), WHO experts, and United Nation Development Programme (UNDP) resident representatives.
Definition of access to sanitation varies depending upon the location and the conditions of the local resources, thus, comparison can be misleading. In addition, urban and rural populations were defined by each national government and might not be strictly comparable. In fact countries are free to adapt the definition to reflect lcal conditions. Furthermore, the existence of sanitation does not necessarily prove its correct functioning. To be effective, all facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.
Allows the quality of life in urban and rural areas to be assessed. It also helps to identify the efforts that are needed to prevent common and basic diseases, in particular waterbone diseases.
GEO Data Category:
Health, urban population, access to adequate sanitation
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Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council
20 Avenue Appia
+41 22 791 3544
+41 22 791 4847
11, Chemin des Anemones
+41 22 917 82 94
+41 22 917 80 29
GIS Data Info
Statistics Data Info
Calculated pre 1991-1992 relative country share
Former Yugoslavia SFR:
The percentage of the population with access to least adequate excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta.