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Title
Title:
Urban Population with Access to Improved Sanitation
SubTitle:
National level
Filename:  
pop_urban_access_sanit
 
 
 
General Description
Abstract:
The definition changes depending if on whether urban or rural areas are being considered. Urban areas with access to sanitation services are defined as urban populations served by connections to public sewers or household systems such as pit-privies, pour-flush latrines, septic tanks, communal toilets, and other such facilities. Rural populations with access to sanitation are defined as those with adequate disposal, such as pit-privies and pour-flush latrines. The World Health Organization (WHO) collects data from national governments (through questionnaries completed by public health officials), WHO experts, and United Nation Development Programme (UNDP) resident representatives. Definition of access to sanitation varies depending upon the location and the conditions of the local resources, thus, comparison can be misleading. In addition, urban and rural populations were defined by each national government and might not be strictly comparable. In fact countries are free to adapt the definition to reflect lcal conditions. Furthermore, the existence of sanitation does not necessarily prove its correct functioning. To be effective, all facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.
Purpose:
Allows the quality of life in urban and rural areas to be assessed. It also helps to identify the efforts that are needed to prevent common and basic diseases, in particular waterbone diseases.
Units:
Percent
GEO Theme:
Urban Areas
GEO Data Category:   
Health
Type:
Other Documents
Subtype:
-----
Language:
English
Status:
Complete
Maintenance:
Unknown
 
 
 
Keywords
GEMET Theme:
Human health
Free Keywords:
Health, urban population, access to adequate sanitation
 
 
 
Online Reference
URL:
No reference for download
File Format:
-----
 
 
 
Spatial Reference
Coverage:
World
Coordinates:
 
North
90
 
West -180
 
180 East
 
-90
South
 
Region:
World
Subregion:
-----
Resolution:
Country
 
 
 
Temporal Reference
Covered Time:
1990, 2000
 
 
 
Responsability
Person:
Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council
Organization:
WHO (CCW)
Address:
20 Avenue Appia
 
 
Postal Code:
1211
City:
Genve 27
State:
Geneva
Country:
Switzerland
Phone:
+41 22 791 3544
Fax:
+41 22 791 4847
Email:
wsscc@who.ch
 
 
Publisher:
WHO
Publ. Place:
Geneva
 
 
Publ. Year:
2000
Data Source:
WHO/Water
Data Provider:
WHO/UNICEF
Copyright:
WHO
User Constr.:
Public
 
 
 
Metadata Information
Person:
Gregory Giuliani
Organization:
UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva
Address:
11, Chemin des Anemones
 
 
Postal Code:
1219
City:
Chatelaine
State:
Geneva
Country:
Switzerland
Phone:
+41 22 917 82 94
Fax:
+41 22 917 80 29
Email:
geo@grid.unep.ch
 
 
Date:
20020116
 
 
 
 
 
GIS Data Info
Projection:
-----
 
 
Min. Scale:
-----
Max. Scale
-----
Data Resol.:
-----
Data Format:
-----
 
 
 
Statistics Data Info
Aggregation method
Mehtod:
None
Weight factor:
-----
Comments:
-----
 
Interpolations/Extrapolations
Interpolations:
None
Extrapolations:
None
Method:
Other
Comments:
-----
 
Calculated pre 1991-1992 relative country share
Former USSR:
None
Former Yugoslavia SFR:
None
Former Czechoslovakia:
None
Former Ethiopia:
None
Comments:
-----
 
General comments
Country notes:
-----
Definitions:
The percentage of the population with access to least adequate excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta.
Comments:
-----