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Title
Title:
Urban Population with Access to Improved Water Supply
SubTitle:
National level
Filename:  
pop_urban_access_water
 
 
 
General Description
Abstract:
The definition changes as to whether it considers urban areas or rural ones. In urban areas the source may be a public fountain or standpost located no more the 200 meters away. In rural areas the definition implies that members of the household do not have to spend a disproportionate part of the day fetching water. The indicator is based on data provided to the World Health Organization (WHO) by member states. Because reliable, observation-based statistical data for these indicators do not exist in some developing countries, the data ate estimated. In particular, the existence of a water outlet within reasonable distance is often used as a proxy for availability of safe water. Furthermore, the definition of safe water has changed over time and there still are intercountry differences in standards e.g. what is considered the distance for "reasonable access". Finally, another limitation is that households may be recorded as having access even though, for example, their handpump is broken or the individual is unable to physically reach the pump.
Purpose:
This indicator is of fundamental significance to lowering infant and child mortality. It is association with other socio-economic characteristics, inculding education and poverty making it a good universal indicator of human development. An adequate amount of water is that needed to satisfy metabolic, hygienic and domestic requirements (usually about 20 litres of safe water a person a day).
Units:
Percent
GEO Theme:
Urban Areas
GEO Data Category:   
Health
Type:
-----
Subtype:
-----
Language:
English
Status:
Complete
Maintenance:
Unknown
 
 
 
Keywords
GEMET Theme:
Human health
Free Keywords:
Health, urban population, access to safe water
 
 
 
Online Reference
URL:
No reference for download
File Format:
-----
 
 
 
Spatial Reference
Coverage:
World
Coordinates:
 
North
90
 
West -180
 
180 East
 
-90
South
 
Region:
World
Subregion:
-----
Resolution:
Country
 
 
 
Temporal Reference
Covered Time:
1990, 2000
 
 
 
Responsability
Person:
Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council
Organization:
WHO (CCW)
Address:
20 Avenue Appia
 
 
Postal Code:
1211
City:
Genve 27
State:
Geneva
Country:
Switzerland
Phone:
+41 22 791 3544
Fax:
+41 22 791 4847
Email:
wsscc@who.ch
 
 
Publisher:
WHO
Publ. Place:
Geneva
 
 
Publ. Year:
2000
Data Source:
WHO/Water
Data Provider:
WHO/UNICEF
Copyright:
WHO
User Constr.:
Public
 
 
 
Metadata Information
Person:
Gregory Giuliani
Organization:
UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva
Address:
11, Chemin des Anemones
 
 
Postal Code:
1219
City:
Chatelaine
State:
Geneva
Country:
Switzerland
Phone:
+41 22 917 82 94
Fax:
+41 22 917 80 29
Email:
geo@grid.unep.ch
 
 
Date:
20020116
 
 
 
 
 
GIS Data Info
Projection:
-----
 
 
Min. Scale:
-----
Max. Scale
-----
Data Resol.:
-----
Data Format:
-----
 
 
 
Statistics Data Info
Aggregation method
Mehtod:
None
Weight factor:
-----
Comments:
-----
 
Interpolations/Extrapolations
Interpolations:
None
Extrapolations:
None
Method:
Other
Comments:
-----
 
Calculated pre 1991-1992 relative country share
Former USSR:
None
Former Yugoslavia SFR:
None
Former Czechoslovakia:
None
Former Ethiopia:
None
Comments:
-----
 
General comments
Country notes:
-----
Definitions:
The percentage of the population with has reasonable access to adequate amounts of safe water (including treated surface water and untreated, but uncontamined water, such as from springs, sanitary wells, and protected boreholes).
Comments:
-----